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Forklift Truck Examination GuideIn The East MidlandsIncorporating Loler & Puwer Regulations?

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Counterbalance ForkliftInteractive Thorough Examination Guide

LOLER 1998, which covers lifting equipment, and PUWER 1998 which deals with other components such as brakes, steering and tyres are both elements of Thorough Inspection guidelines and health and safety legislation that must be adhered to when a counterbalance or telehandler forklift is being inspected.

The inspection will cover every component of the machinery to look for faults or malfunctions that may not be noticeable during forklift operation. To give you an indication of what kinds of things will be checked, we’ve created this interactive guide that explains the different parts of your counterbalance forklift, the potential damages they can incur and what legislations the product has to meet to be deemed safe for use. Simply click on a part to find out more.

We also have interactive guides for other forklift trucks including man-up, telehandler, reach and rough terrain forklifts.

Counterbalance *Click an area to find out more

    Loler (Lifting Parts)

    Puwer (Other Parts)

  • 1Mast

    The mast or telescopic boom will be fully inspected to ensure it is moving in its full range of extension and the hydraulic systems are also checked for functionality.
  • 2Chains

    Wear, corrosion or elongation of chains is a very gradual but potentially lethal change. A Thorough Examination will take three measurements to rule out any signs of damage - a change of just 3% means that the chain must be replaced. The chain anchors and pulleys are also carefully inspected.
  • 3Load Backrest

    The load backrest will be verified as securely attached and structurally sound.
  • 4Tilt Mechanism

    The tilt will be inspected to ensure it moves in a controlled, smooth motion and is free from any signs of damage, such as scoring. The other components such as hoses, piping and the hydraulic cylinders will also be checked to ensure they are in good condition.
  • 5Attachments | Side Shift (If Fitted)

    If your forklift has a permanently attached fixture or side shift then they will be inspected for distortion, cracks or other signs of damage. The mounting of the attachment will also be inspected, and it must move in a smooth, controlled way through its full range of movement.
  • 6Forks

    Fork arms should be free from abrasions, cracks, splaying and other signs of stress, as laid out in ISO 5057. Fork location and end stops should also be checked.
  • 7Carriage

    The fork arm carrier and mounting is inspected for signs of distortion or cracking and the load backrest extension and side shift, if applicable, are inspected for security and control over movement.
  • 8Hydraulic System

    All components of the hydraulic system such as the cylinders, reservoir hoses and pipes are checked for signs of damage and to evaluate their condition. The filters are also checked for debris which can impede functionality. Load handling parts may also undergo a prolonged load test.
  • 9Rating Plate

    The rating plate will be checked to ensure that all information is legible and visible. They must be securely attached to the forklift and any other attached fixtures.
  • 10Controls

    Controls, cables and linkages will be inspected for signs of corrosion, damage or any other indicators that the controls will not be able to function correctly.
  • 1Overhead Guard or Cab

    Your overhead guard or cab must be securely attached and any screens must be clear and undamaged, offering an unhindered view out.
  • 2Steering

    All mechanical and hydraulic elements of the steering will be checked for any signs of damage or corrosion and the forklift will be driven slowly to check for steering response times.
  • 3Safety Equipment

    All safety systems, including sound and light alarms or warning devices, capacity/data plates and safety interlocks are thoroughly scrutinised for signs of damage or wear that can prevent them from keeping both the operator and passersby safe.
  • 4Seat Restraint

    Seat restraints such as seat belts will be checked for strength of mounting and any signs of damage that could hinder their performance.
  • 5Seat Mountings

    Seat mountings and the panel they are attached to will be inspected to ensure they are secure and free from damage. If an anti-vibration mounting is used, that will also be inspected.
  • 6Traction System

    All elements of the tractions system such as the prime mover, transmission, exhaust system, battery and connections (whichever are applicable) are thoroughly checked for corrosion or signs of damage.
  • 7Counterweight

    Counterweights must have a very strong and secure fastening and the fluid containers, axles and batteries must be free from damage and operating correctly.
  • 8Wheels & Tyres:

    Wheels should be strong, secure and free from damage, with particular attention paid to the wheel bearings. Tyres should be inflated to the correct capacity and will be inspected for signs of damage and bonding failure. Composite tyres should be suitable for use on the truck, given its application.
  • 9Chassis

    The chassis will be inspected for damage or cracks in welds.
  • 10Brakes

    A slow drive test will be conducted to check the brakes reaction times. Hydraulics, mountings, cables, linkages, pedals, levers and controls will be inspected for any signs of corrosion, damage or malfunction that can prevent the brakes reacting as they should.

    Loler (Lifting Parts)

  • 1Mast

    The mast or telescopic boom will be fully inspected to ensure it is moving in its full range of extension and the hydraulic systems are also checked for functionality.
  • 2Chains

    Wear, corrosion or elongation of chains is a very gradual but potentially lethal change. A Thorough Examination will take three measurements to rule out any signs of damage - a change of just 3% means that the chain must be replaced. The chain anchors and pulleys are also carefully inspected.
  • 3Load Backrest

    The load backrest will be verified as securely attached and structurally sound.
  • 4Tilt Mechanism

    The tilt will be inspected to ensure it moves in a controlled, smooth motion and is free from any signs of damage, such as scoring. The other components such as hoses, piping and the hydraulic cylinders will also be checked to ensure they are in good condition.
  • 5Attachments | Side Shift (If Fitted)

    If your forklift has a permanently attached fixture or side shift then they will be inspected for distortion, cracks or other signs of damage. The mounting of the attachment will also be inspected, and it must move in a smooth, controlled way through its full range of movement.
  • 6Forks

    Fork arms should be free from abrasions, cracks, splaying and other signs of stress, as laid out in ISO 5057. Fork location and end stops should also be checked.
  • 7Carriage

    The fork arm carrier and mounting is inspected for signs of distortion or cracking and the load backrest extension and side shift, if applicable, are inspected for security and control over movement.
  • 8Hydraulic System

    All components of the hydraulic system such as the cylinders, reservoir hoses and pipes are checked for signs of damage and to evaluate their condition. The filters are also checked for debris which can impede functionality. Load handling parts may also undergo a prolonged load test.
  • 9Rating Plate

    The rating plate will be checked to ensure that all information is legible and visible. They must be securely attached to the forklift and any other attached fixtures.
  • 10Controls

    Controls, cables and linkages will be inspected for signs of corrosion, damage or any other indicators that the controls will not be able to function correctly.

    Puwer (Other Parts)

  • 1Overhead Guard or Cab

    Your overhead guard or cab must be securely attached and any screens must be clear and undamaged, offering an unhindered view out.
  • 2Steering

    All mechanical and hydraulic elements of the steering will be checked for any signs of damage or corrosion and the forklift will be driven slowly to check for steering response times.
  • 3Safety Equipment

    All safety systems, including sound and light alarms or warning devices, capacity/data plates and safety interlocks are thoroughly scrutinised for signs of damage or wear that can prevent them from keeping both the operator and passersby safe.
  • 4Seat Restraint

    Seat restraints such as seat belts will be checked for strength of mounting and any signs of damage that could hinder their performance.
  • 5Seat Mountings

    Seat mountings and the panel they are attached to will be inspected to ensure they are secure and free from damage. If an anti-vibration mounting is used, that will also be inspected.
  • 6Traction System

    All elements of the tractions system such as the prime mover, transmission, exhaust system, battery and connections (whichever are applicable) are thoroughly checked for corrosion or signs of damage.
  • 7Counterweight

    Counterweights must have a very strong and secure fastening and the fluid containers, axles and batteries must be free from damage and operating correctly.
  • 8Wheels & Tyres:

    Wheels should be strong, secure and free from damage, with particular attention paid to the wheel bearings. Tyres should be inflated to the correct capacity and will be inspected for signs of damage and bonding failure. Composite tyres should be suitable for use on the truck, given its application.
  • 9Chassis

    The chassis will be inspected for damage or cracks in welds.
  • 10Brakes

    A slow drive test will be conducted to check the brakes reaction times. Hydraulics, mountings, cables, linkages, pedals, levers and controls will be inspected for any signs of corrosion, damage or malfunction that can prevent the brakes reacting as they should.

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